and ratified anchor R.I.NA Italian classification (amusement and
fishing) for mud, sand and rock.
The anchor an excellent hold on all sea Floors.
it is only anchor in the world able to free itself (by means of
counter weight) from every obstacle (ropes, chains and rocks) as soon as
the anchor takes on a vertical position with respect to the bow and the
- It doesn't need to be bow- stowed.
-Paltry weight when pulled by hand since it comes up vertically without
-There is no need to change anything on the right of bow because it
adapts itself to all shapes having a 105° angle between shank and
- In the case of a boat with hawsehole there is no obligation to put the
winch in a single position but it can even be placed on the anchor
- It doens't knock under the bow. Anchor weights - from 3,5 to
1000 Kg. galvanized and stainless steel AISI 304.
All anchor, presently on the market, independently of their anchorage
power, have the considerable inconvenience of easily running aground.
To avoid this problem, Giuseppe Amato, a master of foreign-going vessel
with a thirty year career as a yacht captain behind him, has thought of
making a new type of anchor that, in addition to a high anchorage power,
would be able to free itself from any type of grounding.
In order to find the best possible solution, Amato has considered
various factors, such as the present shape of the hulls, which have
become considerably lifted with respect to the floating line, thus
leading to a remarkable increase in the sail effect, and the evolution
of the bows which afford greater living space and speed to the hulls to
the detriment of the functionality in the use of the anchor, both from
the practical aspect of positioning it at rest and in the ability to
free it whenever it runs aground in those ports where there are no sag
of chains or fixed moorings.
Afterwards, some inconveniences, that absolutely had to be eliminated,
When present anchors run aground, they really put the winches to the
test, especially the electrical ones, where the automatic feeding system
might come off.
The opening angles, 35° or 40°, of the traditional anchors, force the
arrangement of the winches in a fixed position, in and the anchor is
weighed by hand, when it runs aground on the bottom one is forced to
abandon it at sea in 90% of the cases.
Lastly, in case of very straight bows, when the anchor is pulled over
the surface of the water it tends to hit underneath the bow itself; that
is why one can see those ugly fronts or mobile guides whose functions is
to take the anchor out and into the bow, while many seamen have tried to
solve this problem with turnbuckles, or cables, on the anchor, in order
to be able to turn it and hook it with the boathook.
On the basis of these presuppositions and at the end of a long series of
studies and experiments, the Amato anchor, was made as the only one
capable of eliminating all the said inconveniences.
But, let us now see in practice how this anchor was born.
Captain Amato had at his disposal, on board of his 5 meter launch, an
umbrella-type anchor which always had the ability to run aground. In
order to avoid this he thought of putting the chain hank at the centre
of the stock and a small rope thread on the shank. This, way, when the
anchor would run aground, it was sufficient to pull it with force; the
thread would break and the anchor would come ip upside down, thus
getting free of the obstacles. Out of this experience, a mobile arms
anchor has developed (which has greater advantages over the fixed
anchor) that would take care of any problem connected with its use.
The Amato anchor has a functional action radius which goes from the
mobile to the fixed arms with an opening angle of 105° for each side.
Actually it contains within itself two anchors: the plough anchor and
the umbrella-type anchor, improved in their characteristics. In fact,
when it is resting on a flat bottom it takes on a 20° angle because of
the mobile flukes and a 5° angle a wedge entrance angle of 20° + 5°.
While, should it position itself at 105° angle, if the chain is a peak,
then there would be an umbrella-type anchor with arms for entire 360°.
The anchor was with an immaterial equilibrium ability, in that the
weight is applied to the centre of the apparatus and is equipped with
counterweights (flaps), that have three specific functions:
- enable the mobile flukes to turn very quickly to unload the weights
which have deposited on it after it has anchored;
- give the anchor a 20° angle;
- let the anchor place itself in a fixed point, without giving it that
drifting movement due to the movement of the boat on the surface.
The Amato anchor allows an excellent anchorage on all sea bottoms,
reaching its utmost on sand, thanks to its "suction effect"
which is further improved by the drifting movement of the boat.
As soon as it lifts from the bottom, and it is able to turn, it acquires
all those requisites which make it unique in its kind.
If it hooks on some chains, on the side of the flukes, since it has a
105° opening, the weight of the chains itself tends to let the
grounding slip away. Then, once it has freed itself from the side
resting on the weights resting on the back of the anchor. Therefore, it
will not be necessary to free it when it is on the surface of the water;
as soon as it becomes detached from the bottom, it takes on a vertical
position with respect to the flukes and the shank which make it lighter
than the others since it does not present resistance to water and,
therefore, it can be easily weighed even by hand.
Another important characteristic is the fact that it always comes up in
the same position, therefore it doesn't require stowing in the hawse.
Then, as soon as the upper part of the shank touches the hawse, it tends
to open towards the outside of the bulwark and it doesn't hit underneath
It hook on the reefs or in a sag of chains, as soon as the bow reaches
the vertical line the anchor, by way of small bow movements, it easily
frees itself from the grounding.
Another advantage that it offers is that the winch need not be
positioned at a given point, but rather on a 360° circumference;
furthermore, it can be adapted to any shape of forward quarter or
bow-post, without needing additional intervention to change the
structural shapes of the boats.
Therefore, there is the possibility of applying lower power winches and
without having the automatic system come off due to overloading.